Caroline Ellison, former chief government officer of Alameda Analysis LLC, leaves Manhattan Federal Courtroom after testifying in the course of the trial of FTX CEO Sam Bankman-Fried, on October 10, 2023 in New York Metropolis.
Michael M. Santiago | Getty Pictures
In an all-hands assembly on the night of Nov. 9, 2022, Alameda Analysis workers gathered in a circle to take heed to CEO Caroline Ellison, who was sitting on a beanbag.
It was 11 p.m. in Hong Kong, and roughly half of the workers — 15 folks — at Sam Bankman-Fried’s crypto hedge fund have been current. Christian Drappi, a former software program engineer at Alameda, was one among them. Ten others joined through video from the Bahamas. The Alameda workplace was throughout the road from FTX, Bankman-Fried’s crypto change.
On Thursday, Drappi took the stand as a authorities witness within the prison trial towards Bankman-Fried, which is happening 11 months after Alameda and FTX spiraled out of business. Bankman-Fried faces seven federal fraud costs and the potential of life in jail. He is pleaded not responsible.
Drappi’s look on the stand in Manhattan got here on the finish of Ellison’s third day of testimony and included a recording of the Hong Kong assembly. Rick Finest, a dealer who had joined Alameda simply days earlier, was on to Ellison’s proper and secretly recording the assembly as audio.
The prosecution performed a number of clips from the recording, and the protection staff performed one in cross-examination.
To a packed courtroom, Drappi described Ellison’s demeanor that night time as “sunken.” He stated she was “kinda slouching” and “didn’t show assured physique language.”
“Alameda borrowed a bunch of cash,”a which it used to make investments, Ellison stated on the recording. However as crypto costs fell, “FTX had a shortfall of person funds” after which “customers began withdrawing their funds” and so they “realized they might not have the ability to proceed.”
Drappi might be heard on the tape asking about FTX’s plan to pay again prospects. Ellison, who has pleaded responsible to fraud costs and is cooperating with prosecutors, responded that the corporate would increase cash to fill the outlet. Drappi advised the jury that he was involved with that response as a result of it isn’t typical to boost exterior cash for that function.
Drappi requested Ellison if Alameda’s loans have been collateralized via the spot margin group. She stated they weren’t, and Drappi stated, “That appears fairly unhealthy.”
Drappi wished to know from Ellison if this was a “YOLO factor.”
He was requested within the courtroom to clarify YOLO, and stated, “It is an acronym for ‘you solely stay as soon as.'”
“Once you do a YOLO factor, it is one thing that is spontaneous and never premeditated,” Drappi stated. “I wished to have Ms. Ellison affirm that certainly, you recognize, that they had conferences about this and there was a deliberate choice, as I suspected it could be.”
At one level on the recording, Ellison giggled. Drappi, who stated he’d identified Ellison for a 12 months and a half at that time, described that as her “nervous laughter” and stated she did it very often.
When she was requested by a staffer whose thought it was to plug Alameda’s mortgage losses with FTX buyer cash, she stated, “Um, Sam, I assume,” and giggled.
“FTX mainly at all times allowed Alameda to, like, borrow person funds, so far as I do know” she stated on the recording.
Drappi resigned inside 24 hours.
Caroline Ellison is questioned throughout Sam Bankman-Fried’s fraud trial over the collapse of FTX, the bankrupt cryptocurrency change, at Federal Courtroom in New York Metropolis, U.S., October 11, 2023 on this courtroom sketch.
Jane Rosenberg | Reuters
Drappi began at Alameda on Might 31, 2021. Over the following 18 months, he labored in three workplaces: Hong Kong, the Bahamas and San Francisco. He was in Hong Kong because the enterprise was falling aside.
In his testimony, Drappi stated he noticed Bankman-Fried working on the Hong Kong workplace and sat about 40 toes from him there for a pair months. The 2 frolicked some out of the workplace, together with to play padel, a hybrid of tennis and squash.
Drappi stated Bankman-Fried maintained direct communications with Alameda workers via Sign. He weighed in on massive trades and had entry to “pointer,” Alameda’s inside interface, in addition to to the agency’s back-end knowledge.
With regard to buying and selling, Drappi referenced one occasion during which a senior dealer stated “Sam wished to do it,” referring to a commerce involving promoting Japanese bonds and shopping for the foreign money. Drappi stated he spoke to Alameda merchants daily.
The night time earlier than the all-hands assembly, Nov. 8, Drappi stated he was within the workplace together with Ellison and two merchants, Tony Qian and David Nyeste. At about 11 p.m., Bankman-Fried posted a tweet asserting that Binance was shopping for FTX, in what would quantity to a rescue of the change.
When requested if he knew about Alameda’s borrowing from FTX buyer accounts, Drappi stated no, “I used to be totally shocked.”
The Binance settlement was non-binding. On Nov. 9, the rival change backed out of the deal, and CEO Changpeng Zhao stated FTX’s “points are past our management or capability to assist.” Two days later FTX declared chapter.